Friday, February 23, 2024

COMPUTER FUNDAMENTAL

How to power on the computer? Or How to start a computer? एक computer को कैसे on करते है ?

  1. सबसे पहले main board से switch on कीजिए  |
  2. अब CPU से power button press कीजिए |
  3. आप देखेगे mouse keyboard में light आ जाएगी |
  4. थोड़ी देर में welcome screen आ जाएगी |
  5. यदि आपने user account बनाये हुए है तो अपने user name and password देकर login करले |
  6. अब आपका computer ready है काम करने के लिए |

INTERFACE OF DESKTOP SCREEN

Desktop – Desktop एक ऐसा Area है जिसमे आपको different types के Icon दिखयियो देते है और screen में सबसे निचे taskbar होती है|

Icons – Icon एक picture है desktop screen पर जो कि किसी programme का link रखती है अर्थात किसी भी icon पर clik करने से आपका कुछ ना कुछ open होगा|

Taskbar – Desktop screen पर bottom में एक Horizontal पट्टी होती है जिसे Taskbar कहा जाता है| Taskbar में Start Menu या Start Button left side में तथा Notification Area Right Side में स्थित होता है|

Start Button – Start Button एक menu है जिस पर click करके विभिन्न प्रकार के programme open होते है| जो आपको computer में installed है वो भी आप यही से open कर सकते है|

Notification – इस area में आपको Notification मिलती रहती है जैसे- Time, Internet, Sound सम्बंधित जानकारी आपको यहाँ से मिल सकती है|

Show desktop button – It is used to minimize all windows at a time.

1. How to change wallpaper Wallpaper कैसे बदलते है-

  1. Right click on desktop on blank space
  2. Click on Personalize
  3. Click any wallpaper in the opened window
  4. Done

2. How to change/Set Screen Saver

  1. Right click on desktop on blank space
  2. Click on Personalize
  3. Click on screen saver
  4. Select any screen saver from drop down arrow
  5. Click on mystify
  6. Give time 1 Minute on screen display log on screen                     
  7. Apply
  8. Ok

3. How to set name as screen saver

  1. Right click on desktop on blank space
  2. Click on personalize
  3. Click on screen saver
  4. Select 3D text from screen saver drop down list
  5. Click on settings
  6. Write your name in custom text
  7. HS Nagaudia Custom text
  8. Select rotation type and font
  9. Rotation type See-Saw
  10. Ok
  11. Apply
  12. Ok
  13. Ok
  14. Close

4. How to make a folder

  1. Right click
  2. Select New
  3. Click on Folder
  4. Give Name
  5. Enter

5. How to make a folder by keyboard

  1. Press CTRL+Shift+N
  2. Give Name
  3. Enter

6. How to rename a folder

  1. Right click on folder
  2. Click on rename
  3. Give Name           
  4. Enter

7. How to delete a folder

  1. Right click on folder
  2. Click on delete             
  3. Ok

8. How to restore deleted folder or file

  1. Open recycle bin from desktop
  2. Search your folder name
  3. Right click on your folder
  4. Click on restore
  5. Close window
  6. See on desktop your folder has been restored

9. How to delete folder permanently

  1. Click on folder
  2. Press Shift+delete from keyboard to delete
  3. Done

10. How to create folder by command

  1. Window + R CMD Ok
  2. CD Desktop
  3. MD Folder name
  4. Enter

11. How to create more than one folder at a time by command

  1. Window + R CMD Ok
  2. CD Desktop
  3. MD Folder1 folder2 folder3 folder4
  4. Enter

12. How to change folder icon

  1. Right  click on folder
  2. Properties
  3. Customize
  4. Change icon
  5. Select any icon
  6. Ok
  7. Ok

13. How to set any picture as a folder icon

  1. Right click on picture which you want set as folder icon
  2. Open with paint
  3. Save this file
  4. Give Name HS and select file type 24 Bit Map
  5. Click on Desktop
  6. Save
  7. Now right click on folder
  8. Properties
  9. Change icon
  10. Click on brows
  11. Select all files from type
  12. Click on desktop
  13. Click on picture names HS
  14. Ok
  15. Ok

14. How to make folder with the same

  • CTRL+Shift+N
  • Give Name HS    
  • Enter
  • CTRL+Shift+N
  • Give Name HS
  • ALT+255 from numeric key
  • Enter

If you want to create more than two folder with the same name

  • CTRL+Shift+N
  • Give Name HS
  • ALT+255 ALT+255      
  • Enter

15. How to make a file in a folder

  1. Open folder by double click
  2. Right click
  3. New
  4. Text file (for notepad file) Or Microsoft word (for wprd file)
  5. Give name
  6. Enter
  7. Double click on file to open and to write in it
  8. Save

16. To rename file

  1. Right click on file
  2. Rename
  3. Give name
  4. Enter

You can also use shortcut F2 to rename

17. How to copy item from one folder to another folder

  1. Open that folder which contains files
  2. Select files which you want to copy (CTRL+A)
  3. Right click
  4. Copy (CTRL+C)
  5. Open another folder where you want to paste this file
  6. Paste (CTRL+V)

18. How to hide a folder

  1. Right click on folder
  2. Click on properties
  3. Hidden
  4. Apply
  5. Ok
  6. Refresh computer

19. How to show hidden files and folders

  1. Click on start
  2. Control pannel
  3. Folder option
  4. Click on view tab
  5. Show the hidden files and folder
  6. Apply
  7. Ok

20. How to hide a folder by command

  1. Window + R      CMD      Ok
  2. CD Desktop
  3. Attrib +s +h folder name
  4. Enter
  5. Exit

To show folder

  1. Attrib –s –h folder name
  2. Enter
  3. Exit

21. How to use Briefcase

  1. First make a folder
  2. Make a Briefcase (Right click    New    Briefcase    Name    Enter)
  3. Copy that folder into Briefcase
  4. Close Briefcase
  5. Open folder and make some files in folders
  6. Open files and write into them and save
  7. Close file and folder
  8. Right click on Briefcase
  9. Click on update all
  10. Open Briefcase
  11. Check all files are updated or not
  12. Done

hsguruji
hsgurujihttp://hsguruji.com
I am a life coach,motivational trainer and a computer master.
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